Shell script to trim a video clip with avconv, ffmpeg or mencoder

This script is an updated version of the Shell script to trim a video with mencoder or ffmpeg.

Main difference are:

  • Adds support for and defaults to avconv (but still supports ffmpeg and mencoder).
  • Uses simpler code to calculate clip duration from start/stop times.
  • Accepts period (.) in addition to colon (:) as the HH:MM:SS separator in start/stop times. Dots are much quicker to type, which is nice when creating lots of clips.

Here's the script:

#!/bin/bash
 
Usage()
{
 cat << EOF
 Usage examples:
 
   $(basename $0) video.avi 00:30:00 00:40:00
   $(basename $0) video.avi 00.30.00 00.40.00
 
 Optionally, can also provide '-a', '-f' or '-m' as the 4th arg to force avconv,
 ffmpeg or mencoder.
 
EOF
}
 
if [ "$#" -lt "3" ]; then
  Usage
  exit 1
 else
  InFile=$1
  StartTime=$2
  StopTime=$3
fi
 
CheckInput()
{
 if ! [ -r $InFile ]; then
   echo "ERROR: input file \"$InFile\" not readable"
   exit 1
 fi
 
 for time in StartTime StopTime; do
   if [ "$(echo ${!time} | grep -Eo "(:|\.)" | wc -l)" -ne "2" ]; then
     echo "ERROR: check $time time format, expecting cols or dots e.g.:"
     echo "00:20:00 or 00.20.00"
     exit 1
   fi
 
   if [ "$(echo ${!time} | sed -r 's/(:|\.)//g' | wc -c)" -ne "7" ]; then
     echo "ERROR: check $time time format, expecting six numeric digits, e.g.:"
     echo "00:20:00 or 00.20.00"
     exit 1
   fi  
 done
 
 start=$(echo "$StartTime" | sed -r 's/(:|\.)//g')
 stopt=$(echo "$StopTime" | sed -r 's/(:|\.)//g')
 
 if [ "$start" -ge "$stopt" ]; then
   echo "ERROR: stop time must be later than start time. I got:"
   echo "  start = $StartTime"
   echo "  stop  = $StopTime"
   exit 1
 fi
}
 
CalcDuration()
{
 # NOTE: won't work with clips longer than 24 hours. Never had
 # one of those, so not an issue, but if this changes, switch
 # to date handling as in the calc-duration script.
 time1="$(echo $StartTime | sed 's/\./:/g')"
 time2="$(echo $StopTime  | sed 's/\./:/g')"
 date1="$(date +%F)"
 date2="$(date +%F)"
 time1sec=$(date --date="$date1 $time1" +%s)
 time2sec=$(date --date="$date2 $time2" +%s)
 secdiff=$(( $time2sec-$time1sec ))
 h=$(( secdiff / 3600 ))
 m=$(( ( secdiff / 60 ) % 60 ))
 s=$(( secdiff % 60 ))
 Duration=$(printf "%02d:%02d:%02d\n" $h $m $s)
}
 
ConstructFileName()
{
 ext=$(echo "$InFile" | egrep -io "\.[a-z0-9]{2,4}$")
 main=$(echo "$InFile" | sed "s/$ext$//")
 OutFile=$main.trim.$start-$stopt$ext
}
 
aTrim()
{
 avconv=$(which avconv)
 if [ -x "$avconv" ]; then
   echo "INFO: using avconv.."
   avconv -i $InFile -ss $time1 -t $Duration -codec copy -threads auto $OutFile
   echo "=================================================="
   echo "command used was:"
   echo "avconv -i $InFile -ss $time1 -t $Duration -codec copy -threads auto $OutFile"
   exit 0
 else
   echo "ERROR: avconv not available.."
 fi
}
 
fTrim()
{
 ffmpeg=$(which ffmpeg)
 if [ -x "$ffmpeg" ]; then
   echo "INFO: using ffmpeg.."
   ffmpeg -i $InFile -ss $time1 -t $Duration -vcodec copy -acodec copy $OutFile
   echo "=================================================="
   echo "command used was:"
   echo "ffmpeg -i $InFile -ss $time1 -t $Duration -vcodec copy -acodec copy $OutFile"
   exit 0
 else
   echo "ERROR: ffmpeg not available.."
 fi
}
 
mTrim()
{
 mencoder=$(which mencoder)
 if [ -x "$mencoder" ]; then
   echo "INFO: using mencoder.."
   mencoder -ss $time1 -endpos $Duration -oac mp3lame -ovc copy $InFile -o $OutFile
   echo "=================================================="
   echo "command used was:"
   echo "mencoder -ss $time1 -endpos $Duration -oac mp3lame -ovc copy $InFile -o $OutFile"
   exit 0
 else
   echo "ERROR: mencoder not available.."
 fi
}
 
 
echo -e "\nchecking input.."
CheckInput
echo "all good"
 
echo -e "\ncalculating duration from start/stop times.."
CalcDuration
echo "clip duration is $Duration"
 
echo -e "\nconstructing file name for output.."
ConstructFileName
echo "trimmed video will be saved as $OutFile"
 
echo -e "\ntrimming video.."
echo "=================================================="
 
if [ "$4" == "-a" ]; then
  aTrim
elif [ "$4" == "-f" ]; then
  fTrim
elif [ "$4" == "-m" ]; then
  mTrim
else
  aTrim
  fTrim
  mTrim
fi

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